Ethnicity: Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of the Munda ethnic group. Guaidó and his supporters argue that since the election was a sham, Venezuela doesn’t have a legitimate leader, and in such a context as president of the National Assembly, he could take power. One by one the spirits speak through her mouth… Since the 1990-91 Gulf War, India has officially adopted a “balancing” approach to West Asia. Excess output can be captured midday and released in the evening, dampening the excessive cyclicality of solar. Dongria girls wear clips in their hair and rings and beads around their necks. Although the simultaneous attacks that claimed the lives of 27 members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps and 40 members of India’s Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) are likely to bring India and Iran closer together against Pakistan, it is doubtful that the occasion would generate much momentum in bilateral relations. New Markets or MSP | UPSC, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 6th Jan 2021, Supreme Court clears Central Vista Project | UPSC, Statement on Climate of India during 2020-IMD | UPSC, Toycathon-2021 and Toycathon Portal | UPSC. The sanctions are expected to cost Mr. Maduro’s government $11 billion in lost export proceeds. Odisha’s Dongria Kondh tribals have resolved to resist any attempt to force them out with a recent Supreme Court order triggering panic among forest dwellers over possible eviction. About Dongria Kondh: The Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of … It is important to note that India obtains 20 per cent of its oil from Saudi Arabia and three million Indians work there. [Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 July 2019. The international trade in these turtles and their products is banned under CITES. It is important to note that the nation’s GDP, which was growing at near 10% in 2006, at the height of Hugo Chavez’s “Bolivarian revolution”, contracted 14.3% in 2018. Consider the following for Olive Ridley turtles. India’s efforts to woo Saudi Arabia have been one of its more notable foreign policy successes of the last decade. About Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC): The speech at the OIC inaugural plenary is also expected to take forward India’s case for action against the Jaish-e-Mohammad and strictures on Pakistan. There was a major fire outbreak in the forestlands of Bandipur. IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. In 1998, Israel provided India with valuable intelligence on Pakistani positions during the Kargil war. It also gave village assemblies the right to give or withhold their consent to projects affecting their rights. The Dongria Kondh have adopted a system of imparting cultural and traditional values to the adolescents and youths in their villages through exclusive youth dormitories. Kondhs speak the Kui and Kuvi languages. Vice-President Delcy Rodríguez said in a tweet late on 22nd February, 2019 that Venezuela’s government shut the Tachira border that connects it with Cúcuta temporarily “due to a series of illegal threats” by Colombia. Niyamgiri is an area of densely forested hills, deep gorges and cascading streams. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations with a membership of 57 states spread over four continents. The External Affairs Minister of India has been invited for the first time to address the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Foreign Ministers meet. According to an assessment by the World Bank submitted to the Central Water Commission the Ganga river basin could see crop failures rise three-fold and drinking water shortage can go up by as much as 39% in some States between now and 2040. He also said that the Saudis would free 800 Indians held in its jails. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations. Almost 90% of the country’s population is living in poverty, while per capita income has been falling since 2014. India withdrawing the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. India’s Dongria Kondh tribe have rejected plans by mining giant Vedanta Resources for an open-pit bauxite mine in their sacred Niyamgiri Hills. Pakistan on its part perceives MBS as a valuable interlocutor on its behalf with the U.S. because of his excellent rapport with U.S. President Donald Trump. The Dongria Kondh are currently holding their annual ‘Niyamraja festival’ on the picturesque hilltop of Niyamgiri. The Dongria live in villages scattered throughout the hills. of the sacred undisturbed forests on top of the mountain, where the proposed mining lease area of the Lanjigarh bauxite mining lease is located. The title of this editorial analysis is taken from an article published in the Hindu BusinessLine on the 23rd of February, 2019. 1. Mr. Guaidó in January 2019, invoked articles of the Constitution to assume interim presidency and denounced Mr. Maduro as a usurper, arguing his 2018 re-election was illegitimate. Forest fires are considered to be deadly and catastrophic to the flora and fauna but at the same time it can be beneficial too. The U.S., meanwhile, imposed new sanctions on Venezuela’s state-run oil company, PDVSA — all properties of the company subject to U.S. jurisdiction was blocked and American citizens were barred from trading with the company. To be a Dongria Kondh is to farm the hills’ fertile slopes, harvest their produce, and worship the mountain god Niyam Raja and the hills he presides over, including the 4,000 metre Mountain of the Law, Niyam Dongar. The prince repaid the compliment, agreeing to increase Haj quotas and release 850 Indians from Saudi jails after a plea from Mr. Modi. Dongria Kondh. They sustain themselves from the resources of the Niyamgiri forests, practising horticulture and shifting cultivation. So would be the NTMs, if increased, as India’s imports from Pakistan are reasonably low at $0.488 billion. Over one third of India’s available surface water is provided by the Ganga basin which contributes more than half the national water use, of which 90% is for irrigation. Flexible’ power system key to renewables push. Experts opine that India’s decision to withdraw the. It is believed that Niyam Raja is the source of their essential resources. Prince Mohammed’s tour appears to be part of a Saudi “Look East” strategy because oil demand will rise in Asia in coming years. Besides, most constitutional institutions in the country, including the armed forces, back Mr. Maduro. At least four National Guard officers on 23rd February, 2019 at the border disavowed Mr. Maduro’s government and requested assistance from the Colombian government, Colombia’s migration agency had mentioned. Members of the village are also organised into specialised groups depending on the nature of the work. They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and the name for themselves is Jharnia: protector of … The moot point therefore is the sensitivity of the impact of the MFN status on Pakistan in terms of its trade with India. At the centre of a dispute over mining rights in the area. The Dongrias are animistic by religion. The sense is that Pakistan may not face an exacerbating situation with India withdrawing the MFN status and raising the import duty. UPSC generally asks one question about tribes in prelims and I have tried to discuss about the major tribes and tribes which are in news. As Pakistan’s relations with Iran deteriorate, it is likely to move further into the Saudi orbit. Experts opine that it can only be a pressure tactic and do little unless stringent actions are taken to stop informal trade that has been going on between the two countries for long. The Dongria Kondh tribe in India are struggling to defend their land against a mining company hell-bent on destroying their sacred mountain. A group of frustrated Venezuelans who were seeking to cross into Colombia on 23rd February, 2019 to work on morning threw rocks and bottles at National Guard troops, who responded with tear gas. This article was featured in the Hindu BusinessLine on the 23rd of February, 2019. So do Russia and China. However, rain extinguishes such fires without causing much damage. Non-Despatchable Renewables: A Perspective, 1. https://www.survivalinternational.org/dongria. 2. So the attempts to topple Mr. Maduro are not making headway. They possess property without the interference of their husbands and sons. Through millennia, they have evolved a lifestyle that is in perfect harmony with nature. Language: Kui language (Oral only, not written) Beliefs: They worship Niyam Raja, the god of the Niyamgiri Forests. They are carnivores, and feed mainly on jellyfish, shrimp, snails, crabs, molluscs and a variety of fish and their eggs. European powers gave Mr. Maduro an ultimatum to announce fresh elections, which he rejected. The key to this is scale to allow learning-by-doing to occur. Launched by Manmohan Singh, the current government has continued the policy of courting Riyadh. He also announced $20 billion worth of investments, in addition to previously announced aid of $6 billion in cash and reserves. The Dongria Kondh have adopted a system of imparting cultural and traditional values to the adolescents and youths in their villages through exclusive youth dormitories. Despite obtaining a six-month waiver from the U.S. in November, 2018 on energy imports from Iran, India is shoring up plans to find alternative sources as the waiver reaches its term. Removal of sand from Thottappally opposed. This practice has large economic and social costs. Geopolitically speaking, MBS and Abu Dhabi’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed (MBZ) have over the past few years escalated their battle against political Islamist groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood. If the flexibility of the power system is not swiftly increased, within a few years India will reach technical and economic limits to the growth of renewables. of the sacred undisturbed forests on top of the mountain, where the proposed mining lease area of the Lanjigarh bauxite mining lease is located. The Dongria Kondh tribe live in Niyamgiri hill range of Odisha state. However, India’s tilt towards Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE is not a risk-free move. The Dongria Kondh people are a tribe residing in the Niyamgiri Hills of Odisha. The Dongria Kondh are challenging a decision to allow the expansion of a huge aluminum refinery close to their land.. km. For PRELIMS labour system is very important . Later, a host of European countries also backed Mr. Guaidó. According to an alert from NASA’s Fire Information for Resource Management System (NASA-FIRMS) 21 fires or hotspots were detected during the satellite overpass. As expected, Prince Mohammed came bearing gifts, including a promise to collaborate on a $44-billion oil refinery, and said he expected total investment opportunities in India “to exceed $100 billion” in the coming two years. They are known for the spirited defence of their forested habitat against short-sighted industrialisation. Background:About Soras The Saoras inhabit the remote ranges flanking the great Bansadhara river in southern Odisha. These costs will come down further. Nestled between an area of densely forested hills, deep gorges and cascading streams, reside the Dongria Kondh tribe. Combinations of different interventions such as increasing water use efficiency and implementing a ‘more job per drop’ rather than striving for wholesale crop production are needed. It has also suggested steps including fixing a three year time period to for industry to adjust to the data storage requirement of the country with a view to develop infrastructure for promoting digital economy. The feeling of collective belongingness is also strengthened. India’s been performing an extraordinary diplomatic pirouette in West Asia, courting the Saudis, the Israelis and also the Iranians almost simultaneously. The crisis took a dangerous turn on January 23, 2019 when Juan Guaidó, president of the Opposition-controlled National Assembly, declared himself interim President of the oil-rich South American country, directly challenging the authority of President Nicolás Maduro, who began his second six-year term in January 2019. Thirdly, given cost constraints to gas and social opposition to hydro, the scale of these traditional balancing options may be limited in India. The Thottappally coast is one of the prime nesting sites for Olive Ridley turtles.The area is also home to several species of reptiles, migratory birds, and a large number of butterflies. About: They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and are the member of Khond Tribe Status: They are a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group. The applications for regularization of residence under the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006 has been rejected. During the same period Madhya Pradesh would see a 39%, Delhi 22% and Uttar Pradesh a 25% deficit in drinking water. This means the turmoil that has gripped Venezuela is unlikely to ease unless the government and the Opposition find common ground on rebuilding the economy and sharing power. The rights of tribals over natural resources have been reduced over the years through the concepts of protected forests etc., and the commission has been lacking to secure the same. India has had historically deep ties with Iran and External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj stopped over briefly in Teheran recently in the wake of the bombing in India and Iran’s Sistan and Baluchestan province. Kui tribals are one of the 18 Kondh tribes in the State list of the Orissa Government. However, while the battle on costs is won, the next one is just beginning. Similarly, the Saudis need both India and Pakistan. It is important to note that Mr. Maduro blames the country’s dire situation (i.e Venezuela’s dire situation) on U.S. sanctions that have blocked the country from obtaining financing and have hobbled its oil industry. Dongria Kondh Odisha: About. [15] For now, the Modi government seems to have taken its pick. Opposition volunteers in neighbouring Brazil and Colombia planned to arrive at the border to help carry humanitarian aid to a sick and hungry population suffering from an economic meltdown under President Nicolás Maduro. UN Secretary-General António Guterres urged Venezuelan authorities to refrain from using lethal force against protesters. The U.S. “strongly condemns the Venezuelan military’s use of force against unarmed civilians and innocent volunteers” on the border with Brazil, the White House said. About: Ethnicity: Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of the Munda ethnic group. These turtles spend their entire lives in the ocean, and migrate thousands of kilometers between feeding and mating grounds in the course of a year.Â. These are concentrated on agriculture, plants, and food-related products and operate as bans that shut competitors out of its market. What do Farmer’s Want ? Immediately after Mr. Guaidó’s announcement, the U.S., Canada, Brazil and some other South American nations recognised him as Venezuela’s legitimate leader. He’s unlikely to topple Mr. Maduro as long as the military is loyal to him. They have a harmonious, sacred and symbiotic relationship with nature. After the Pulwama attack, the follow-up measure to raise tariff duty on imports to 200% can again be trivial. About Dongria Kondh tribe: The Dongria Kondh, a primitive tribal group [now termed as particularly vulnerable tribe], has been protecting more than 7 sq. Recently, labour cooperatives among tribal communities in Odisha were in the news. The tribes include the Dongria Kondh, Juanga, Lanjia Saura, Saura, Didayi, Paudi Bhuyan and Kandh. The Olive Ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. Creation of a legal and technological framework for imposing restrictions on cross-border data flow from specified sources such as data generated by users in India by various sources including e-retail platforms and social media tools has been called for by the draft national e-commerce policy which will be released soon as per the Ministry of Commerce. Dangria Kondh, a sub-section of Kondh community is a primitive section of the tribe that lives in the dense forest of the Niyamgiri range. The Supreme Court has ordered the eviction of nearly 10 lakh forest dwellers whose claims has been rejected, but these tribal groups have decided to resist the order of SC. Kondhs Tribes. This includes most important the Vamshadhara river. Venezuela’s opposition and activists prepared on the 23rd of February, 2019 to confront troops stationed along the country’s borders to block their plan to bring in food and medicine that authorities are calling a veiled U.S.-backed invasion. From India’s side, the government has studiously ignored the furore over Saudi dissident Jamal Khashoggi’s assassination — Prime Minister Modi even held a one-to-one meeting with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman at the G-20 Summit when he was being cold-shouldered by many world leaders. Prince Mohammed went from India to China, cancelling at the last minute stopovers in Malaysia and Indonesia. The basin covers 11 states of Uttarakhand, U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Delhi. Note down different types of labour system in your Prelims Book . Investments have included a $44 billion oil refinery in India by Saudi Aramco and the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company in partnership with an Indian consortium. The Charter laid down the objectives and principles of the organization and fundamental purposes to strengthen the solidarity and cooperation among the Member States. Iran continues to exercise much influence in West Asia and can help shape events in Afghanistan by shoring up the Taliban against the U.S. About Dongria Kondh tribe: The Dongria Kondh, a primitive tribal group [now termed as particularly vulnerable tribe], has been protecting more than 7 sq. Ganga basin States stare at three-fold rise in crop failures by 2040. Having practically abandoned a “balancing” approach, the Modi government has, in effect, placed its bets on Israel and the Gulf monarchies, relegating relations with Iran to the side. Economically, the ability of Saudi Arabia and the UAE to mobilise investments despite low oil prices is a huge asset in their relations with India. Anthropogenic causes- Fire is caused when a source of fire like naked flame, cigarette or bidi, electric spark or any source of ignition comes into contact with inflammable material. This was also uphold by Supreme court in Niyamgiri mining case, the right of the Dongria kondh Tribes to give or withhold their consent to the mining operations. This is a contested claim. Please help the Dongria ." The 8000 strong Dongria Kondh tribe have resided in the lush green environs of the Niyamgiri Mountains for generations. The concept of labour cooperatives is popular in almost all tribal communities in Odisha including the Dongria Kondh, Juanga, Lanjia Saura, Saura, Didayi, Paudi Bhuyan and Kandh. Dongria Kondh. Venezuela has also been facing severe food and medicines shortages for months. About 79% area of Ganga basin is in India. Each traditional and community specific jewellery is having great socio-cultural significance. Tribes in India . For MAINS make a note on the revolutionary revolt of Dongria’s on bauxite mines and social afforestation methods. This “balancing” approach to West Asia is viewed by some experts as a legacy of non-alignment. The Ganga basin covers 11 states of Uttarakhand, U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Delhi. Electricity demand and supply, on the other hand, must be balanced at every second at every location on the grid. They believe that their right to cultivate Niyamgiri’s slopes has been conferred on them by Niyam Raja, and that they are his royal descendants. Cooperative Labour in Odisha Tribes. And the economic crisis is far from easing. The present government at the Center has in practice, demonstrated a preference for working with the three regional powers rather than Iran, a trend likely to be reinforced after the visit of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) and the proposed trip by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to New Delhi. Context: There is a growing Opposition to the government’s decision to allow the removal of mineral-rich sand from the estuary (pozhi) of Thottappally coast of Kerala. The Opposition has strong support both within and outside the country. The Niyamgiri hill range in Odisha state, eastern India, is home to the Dongria Kondh tribe. Moreover, Iran’s Chabahar port represents a strategic investment for India which hopes to use the facility to connect with the International North-South Transit Corridor (INSTC) that extends to Central Asia and to bypass Pakistan en route to Afghanistan. From 2011-12 to 2017-18, India’s formal trade with Pakistan increased from $1.94 billion to $2.41 billion. It is important to note that India and Saudi Arabia have steadily built bilateral relations and taken great care over the past two decades to ‘de-hyphenate’ them from ties between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. About Dongria Kondh tribe: The Dongria Kondh, a primitive tribal group [now termed as particularly vulnerable tribe], has been protecting more than 7 sq. Visits from desert rulers are always highly choreographed but the prince’s India trip, part of his first major tour outside the Middle East since Khashoggi’s murder, had more tense moments than usual. The IUCN status of Olive Ridley turtle is Vulnerable. Dongria are having nuclear,monogamous and patrilineal setup. Wind tariffs have fallen from ₹4.5-5/kWh to a similar range as solar. They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and worship the mountain god Niyam Raja. Dongria Kandh Tribe | UPSC HEADLINES: Many hands ensure green fields for Odisha’s tribal villages WHY IN NEWS: Traditional systems of sharing work sustain communities. 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Costs are coming down at a tremendous rate, with recent tenders in Hawaii delivering solar plus four hours of battery storage at a hitherto unimaginable ₹5.76/kWh. The coast of Orissa in India is the largest mass nesting site for the Olive-ridley, followed by the coasts of Mexico and Costa Rica. WWF-India, along with the fishermen community, has been involved in protecting the Olive ridley rookery at the mass nesting site at Rushikulaya, in Orissa, by fencing off the nesting area and patrolling it till hatching and ensuring a safe passage for the hatchlings to the sea. All the same, the desert kingdom of Saudi Arabia has woken up to the fact that India is one of the world’s largest economies and will soon be the world’s second-largest oil market. Nearly 2,00,000 people attended a benefit concert in Cúcuta on 22nd February, 2019 featuring Latin pop stars, including Luis Fonsi of ”Despacito” fame. Perspective on Aid bailout: Why Pakistan needs Saudi Arabia? Location: Located in the Niyamgiri Hills in the Rayagada and Kalahandi District in Odisha. III. Ms. Rodríguez says the aid is poisoned. As a standalone visit, the day-long trip of Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud (MBS) to New Delhi will be regarded as a diplomatic success, given the numerous outcomes. However, these challenges can be overcome. Dongria Kondh Context: Lockdown Has Pushed Tribes in Odisha’s Niyamgiri Hills to the Brink of Starvation . These announcements and gestures would have been far more significant had it not been for the fact that MBS’s trip came on the heels of his visit to Pakistan just after the Pulwama attack. However, this can only be achieved if a cost-effective portfolio of flexibility options can be developed, from shifting demand to match supply, making coal plants more flexible, and developing energy storage. The jewellery used by Bonda,Dongria Kondh,Lanjia Saoura, Gadaba, Didayee, Bhottada, Ho, Munda, Bhunjia, Banjara tribes deserve special admiration. Type: International Relations Explanation:Â. [17] Other celebrities backing the campaign include Arundhati Roy (the Booker prize-winning author), as well as the British actors Joanna Lumley and Michael Palin . Niyamgiri is an area containing densely forested hills, deep gorges and cascading streams. After talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the two sides announced measures to upgrade the defence partnership, create a. Saudi Arabia has also expressed its interest in investing in infrastructure projects worth about $26 billion. A wealth of information regarding the secrets of the forests and the plants and wildlife they host, have been passed on from generation to generation. Concerns about the potential for violence flared on 22nd February, 2019 when the Venezuelan Army opened fire in a village near the Brazilian border after indigenous leaders attempted to prevent them from advancing, killing a woman and her husband. Also, under the South Asia Free Trade Area Agreement (SAFTA) 2004, Pakistan’s share in external trade is less than 10%, while India’s share is more than 70%. Dongria Kondh Tribe. Fact Box: Dongria Kondh tribe. Trucks are expected to be driven by Venezuelan volunteers and some Opposition figures have suggested forming human chains. Besides China, India and Pakistan are the two largest economies in the South Asian region. ; Beliefs: They worship Niyam Raja (Niyamraja), the supreme god of the Niyamgiri jungle. The Dongria Kondh people are a tribe residing in the Niyamgiri Hills of Odisha. Required fields are marked *. 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